ecologies and networks

An ecology is a study of interactions and relations among organisms and their environment (Bennett 2010). An ecology is a co-presence of objects in a shared arrangement of space and time.

A network, defined by Kadushin (p14 Loc 382), is a set of objects (nodes) and a description of relations between them. A network is an assemblage of the self-organising forces of heterogenous elements in techno-social relations (Shaviro 2014).


Bennett, Jane. 2010. Vibrant Matter: A Political Ecology of Things. Duke University Press.London.

Kadushin, Charles. 2012. Understanding Social Networks: Theories, Concepts, and Findings. Oxford University Press. New York.

Shaviro, Steven. 2014. The Universe of Things: On Speculative Realism. University of Minnesota Press. London